Homemade Hydrogen Boosters vs Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Hydrogen Booster Principle

1. The terms "hydrogen fuel cell" and "hydrogen booster" are two often confused sides of the same. A hydrogen "booster" uses electricity to separate water into its components atoms, oxygen and hydrogen, which are burned in the engine as a supplement to gasoline. "Fuel cells" are the opposite; a fuel cell combines oxygen and hydrogen to produce water and electricity. Fuel cells can best be thought of as miniature power plants, and are only used with electric motors. This confusion is only exacerbated by those who sell boosters online, as these eco-entrepreneurs often mistakenly refer to their product as a "cell." This mislabeling is generally done for marketing purposes, nothing more.


2. The simplest form of hydrogen booster is a pair of metal (most often stainless steel) plates suspended in pure water about 3/16- to 1/4-inch apart. The positive terminal of a car’s battery is connected to one plate, and the negate terminal to the other.
High-amperage power passing between these two plates separates the water molecule, causing oxygen and hydrogen gas to bubble to the top.
These gases are siphoned off into the engine’s intake with a rubber tube; the engine’s fuel injection computer will automatically reduce the amount of gasoline injected to maintain the proper air/fuel ratio, which is where the fuel savings come into play.
Although a basic 2-plate setup will indeed increase fuel mileage, more plates will always equal more hydrogen.
Five to six pairs of 3 by 5-inch steel plates should produce enough hydrogen to allow an average V6 engine to idle on hydrogen alone.

Power Increase
3. In theory, it is possible to increase horsepower with a hydrogen booster.
Oxygen comprises one third of the gases produced by the booster; more oxygen will allow more fuel to burn in a given space, which is always good for more horsepower.

This same principle is the one by which nitrous oxide (NOS or N2O) operates, but individual results may vary.
Some engines with electronic throttles are programmed to reduce airflow in proportion to fuel, so the additional oxygen may do little to nothing.
Truth in fact it may reduce mileage simply for the reason that the O2 sensor will see an oxygen rich exhaust and will increase the fuel to the engine to compensate.
This is un-desirable and can be corrected with an EFIE.

Hydrogen fuel cells
1.  Hydrogen fuel cells are one of several emerging technologies with the potential to change the way we use energy.
Instead of relying on fossil fuels, hydrogen fuel cells use an electrochemical process to transform hydrogen and oxygen from the air into electrical power with only harmless water vapor as a by-product.
Although fuel cells use expensive and complex technology, it is not difficult to understand their basic components.

2. Since hydrogen fuel cells rely on the process of catalysis, they require a metallic catalyst.
This comes in the form of a metal plate that is located at one end of the fuel cell.
The plate reacts with the hydrogen fuel and separates it into its component protons and electrons, making it possible to capture the electrons and convert them into electrical power.
In electrical terminology, the catalyst sector of the fuel cell is its anode.

Electrical Circuit
3. Since a hydrogen fuel cell is an electric generator, it must contain a circuit that carries the electricity it produces.
This circuit serves as a current collector; it is a conduit for the freed electrons.
The circuit is mated to a battery, or directly to an electric motor, to provide power for an automobile or other machine.

Proton Exchange Membrane
4. Hydrogen fuel cells also contain a proton exchange membrane.
This is a polymer membrane that serves as an electrolyte.
The hydrogen ions pass through the proton exchange membrane only after losing their electrons to the catalyst.

5. After passing through the electrolyte, the protons are exposed to oxygen in the cathode.
They also combine with electrons that have completed the external circuit.
The protons acquire new electrons to form water vapor, which is released from the cell as exhaust. Multiple Cells
6. While each fuel cell includes a catalyst, electrolyte and cathode, few hydrogen fuel cell mechanisms contain just a single cell.
Often these thin cells are stacked in many layers with each cell connected to a single external circuit.
The fuel cell stack is then fed hydrogen fuel and the chemical process begins automatically.

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